World Association for Medical Law


World Association for Medical Law pic

World Association for Medical Law

Consultant Neurologist Dr. James C. Johnston is a Barrister of the High Court of New Zealand, a Fellow of both the Australasian and American Colleges of Legal Medicine, and an active member of many other professional organizations including the World Association for Medical Law (WAML).

Organized in Ghent, Belgium, in 1967, the purpose of the World Association for Medical Law is to encourage the study and discussion of health law, legal medicine and ethics, for the benefit of society and advancement of human rights. The aim is to promote the study of jurisprudence, legislation and ethics of developments in medicine, health care and related sciences; to address any matters that involve issues of medical and health law; and to encourage research and development in medical law.

The official publication of the WAML is the journal ‘Medicine and Law,’ which has been published for almost 40 years with authors from over 100 countries. The Kennedy Institute of Ethics labeled this journal as a “priority journal.”

The 50th Anniversary Meeting and 23rd WAML Congress was held on 9-14 July 2017 in Baku, Azerbaijan with major sub-themes including medical law and bioethics. Drs. Mehila Zebenigus, Guta Zenebe and James C. Johnston presented a discussion on improving relations between developed and developing countries through guidelines that focus on advancing collaborative partnerships to improve health care. This topic followed their lecture last year at the Los Angeles, USA meeting discussing the medical, ethical and legal problems that arise when Western countries engage in short term medical missions to resource limited nations.

Drs. Mehila Zebenigus and James C. Johnston also discussed concerns related to neuroimaging for the patient presenting with headache. They recommended deleting the currently used guidelines because those guidelines are outdated, and have been a contributing factor in the misdiagnosis of headache disorders.

Drs. Thomas P. Sartwelle, James C. Johnston, Berna Arda and Mehila Zebenigus presented a poster highlighting the concerns related to using electronic fetal monitoring in sub-Saharan Africa, how that procedure causes more harm than good, and wastes scarce resources that would be better used helping children with cerebral palsy.


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